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MPSC Main - Sociology Syllabus

Updated on: Mar 20, 2013

Paper I

Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours


Note : 1) Answers to this paper must be written in English only
  2) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to interpret, to criticise and to appraise subject matter related to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.
  3) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.


Section - A(Marks : 50)
1) Sociology as a Discipline :

.01) Nature of Sociology asa Social Science :
  1. a)Sociology as a Social Science : its nature, subject matter andscope.
  2. b)Sociological Perspective.

.02) Emergence and EarlyDevelopment of Sociology :
  1. a)Early Intellectual Origins : ‘TheEnlightenment’ ideas
  2. b)Social Forces in the Development of Sociology : French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and the Rise ofCapitalism, Urbanization and Religious change.
2) Basic Concepts in Sociology :

.01) Social System : Parsons’s concept of society as a social system.

.02) Social Structure : Elements-groups & sub-groups, roles, norms and values.

.03) Social Institution : Meaning and Characteristics.

.04) Social Groups : Meaning, Characteristics and Classification of Social Groups.

.05) Associations : Meaning and Characteristics.

.06) Organization : Meaning and Types.

.07) Community : Meaning and Characteristics.

.08) Society : Meaning and Characteristics.
Section - B(Marks : 50)
3) Culture, Socialization and Personality :

.01) Culture : Meaning and Characteristics of Culture, Components of Culture,Cultural Relativism, and Ethnocentrism.

.02) Socialization : Nature of Socialization, Stages in Socialization, Agencies ofSocialization, Anticipatory Socialization and Re-socialization, Significanceof Socialization in Social Life.

.03) Culture, Socializationand Personality Development : Culture andPersonality Development, Socialization and the Development of ‘Self’ :Theories of C.H.Cooley, G.H. Mead and Sigmund Freud.
4) Social Stratification and Social Mobility :

.01) Concepts : Inequality, Hierarchy and Social Stratification.

.02) Forms of SocialStratification : Caste and Class as forms of ‘Closed’ and‘Open’ Stratification.

.03) TheoreticalPerspectives on Social Stratification : Functionalistand Conflict.

.04) Social Mobility : Meaning, Types of Mobility : Vertical and Horizontal, Intra-andInter-generational Mobility, Consequences of Social Mobility.
Section - C (Marks : 50)
5) Economy, Polity, Education, Religion and Society :

.01) Economy and Society : Characteristics of Feudalistic, Capitalistic and SocialisticEconomy, Social Determinants of Economic Development.

.02) Polity and Society : Types of Political System : Theocratic, Authoritarian,Democratic and Socialistic.

.03) Education and Society: Meaning of Education and Role of Education inSociety.

.04) Religion and Society : Functions and Dysfunctions of religion in society.
6) Social Change :

.01) Social Change : Meaning; Meaning of related concepts such as Progress,Evolution, Revolution, Development and Transformation.

.02) Endogenous and exogenous sources ofsocial change.

.03) Development of Science and Technology andtheir impact on society.
7) Social Movement :

.01) Social Movement : Meaning and Characteristics.

.02) Structural Determinants of SocialMovement.

.03) Types of Social Movement.
Section - D(Marks : 50)
8) Contributions ofClassicalThinkers :

.01) Karl Marx : Marxian Dialectics, Theory of Historical Materialism, Theory ofClass Struggle and Theory of Alienation.

.02) Emile Durkheim : Concept of Social Fact, Theory of Division of Labour,Sociological Explanation of Suicide, Theory of Religion.

.03) Max Weber : Social Action, Verstehen, Ideal Types, Authority, Bureaucracy,Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.

.04) Vilfredo Pareto : Logical and Non-Logical Action, Circulation of elites.
9) Scientific Study of Social Phenomena :

.01) Key Terms : Concepts, Variables, Theory and Fact.

.02) Hypothesis : Sources, Types and Characteristics of usable hypothesis and itsrole in Research.

.03) Research Process : Major steps in Social Research.

.04) Research Design : Descriptive, Exploratory and Experimental.

.05) Issues in SocialScience Research : Objectivity and Value Neutrality, Issueof measurement in social science.
10) Aspects of Social Research:

.01) Sampling : Meaning, Probability and Non-Probability types of sampling.

.02) Sources of Data : Primary and Secondary.

.03) Techniques of DataCollection : Observation, Interview, Questionnaire, andInterview Schedule.

.04) Methods of Research : Social Survey, Case Study and Content Analysis.

.05) Classification,Interpretation and Presentation of Data : Coding,Tables, Graphs, Statistical analysis, Interpretation, and Report Writing.


Paper II

Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours


Note : 1) Answers to this paper must be written in English only
  2) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to interpret, to criticise and to appraise subject matter related to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.
  3) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.


Section - A (Marks : 50)
1) Historical Moorings :

.01) Traditional Hindu Social Organization.

.02) Impact of Buddhism, Islam and Christianity on Indian Society.

.03) Impact of Colonial Rule on Indian Society.

.04) Diversity and Unity in Indian Society.
2) Basic Institutions :

.01) Marriage : Marriage among different religious groups - changing trends; The problem of Dowry.

.02) Family : Structural and Functional aspects - its changing forms; Domestic violence, and the problems of aged and singles.

.03) Kinship : Features of Kinship system in India; Regional variations in kinship system.

.04) Caste : Origin of the caste system; Cultural and structural views about caste; Views of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on caste system; Caste among Muslims and Christians, Rise of Caste Consciousness; Issues of equality and social justice; Mandal Commission Report - the issue of defining social backwardness, Creamy Layer.

.05) Religion : Religions in India - Statistical Profile; conversions; secularism; Problems of religious minorities; Religious Fundamentalism; Communal violence.
Section - B (Marks : 50)
3) Agrarian Structure and Change :

.01) Concept of Peasant Society ; Characteristics of Rural Society.

.02) Land tenure Systems; Land Reforms; Green Revolution; Social Consequence of Land Reforms and Green Revolution; Emerging Agrarian Classes in India; and Caste, Class & Power- their interrelationship & changing power dynamics in Maharashtra.

.03) Cooperative Movement and its Role in Rural Development with special reference to Maharashtra.

.04) Globalisation and Indian Agriculture.
4) Urbanisation and Industrialisation :

.01) Urbanisation : Growth and Trends.

.02) Industrialisation : Growth, Diversification and Decentralisation, Khadi and Village Industry.

.03) Urbanization, Industrialization and their Social Consequences.

.04) Issues of Underdevelopment and Growth of Slums

.05) Urbanisation and Industrialisation - their Environmental Consequences.
5) Tribal (Adivasi) Society :

.01) Terms and their meaning : Tribe, Adivasi, Girijan and Vanavasi.

.02) Distinctive Features of Tribal Communities in India and their geographical spread.

.03) Problems of Tribal Communities : Land Alienation, Displacement of Adivasis due to Development Projects, Education, and Adivasi Identity.

.04) Tribal Policy - isolation, assimilation and integration.

.05) Tribal Development Programmes with special reference to Maharashtra
Section - C (Marks : 50)
6) Polity, Education and Population Dynamics :

.01) Political System : Political Parties and their Social Bases; Regionalism, Rise of Regional Parties; Decentralization of Power-Panchayati raj and Nagarpalikas; 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendments-Empowerment.

.02) Educational System : Directive Principles of State Policy and Education; Educational Problems of Disadvantaged Sections-Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Muslims and Women; Privatization of education - issues of access to education, merit, quality, and social justice; General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and emerging issues, Challenges in Higher Education today.

.03) Population Dynamics : Population Size, Growth, Composition and Distribution; Birth Rate, Death Rate and Migration; Determinants and Consequences of Population Growth; Issues of age at marriage, sex-ratio, infant mortality rate; Population Policy and Family Welfare Programme.
7) Social Development :

.01) Changing Conception of Development : Economic Growth; Social Development; Human Development; Sustainable Development.

.02) Perspectives on Development : Liberal; Marxian; Ecological.

.03) Theories of Development and Underdevelopment : Modernisation; Centre-Periphery; World-systems theory; Regional Imbalance - with special focus on Maharashtra.
8) Gender and Society :

.01) Social Construction of Gender : Biology vs. Gender; Patriarchy as an Ideology and Practice; Religion, Caste, Class and Gender Relations.

.02) Feminist Thought : Liberal, Marxian, Socialist and Radical, Non-Brahmanic Perspective.

.03) Personal Laws and Gender Justice : Hindu Code Bill, Christian Law, Muslim Personal Law, Customary Law and Tribal Women.
Section - D (Marks : 50)
9) Social Movements :

.01) Selected Social Reformers- their ideology and work: Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahatma Phule, M.G. Ranade, Prabodhankar Thakare, Maharshi Karve, Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, Maharshi Shinde and Babasaheb Ambedkar.

.02) Social Movements : Peasant Movement, Trade Union Movement and Adivasi Movement.

.03) New Social Movements : Environmental Movement, Women's Movement and Ethnic Movement.
10) Social Welfare and Social Legislation :

.01) Social Legislation as an instrument of Social Change; Human Rights.

.02) Programmes of Social Welfare in Maharashtra : Women and Children; Labour; and Youth.

.03) Non-Government Organizations and their Role in Social Welfare.
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