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MPSC Main - General Studies II Syllabus

Updated on: Apr 1, 2013
Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours



Note: 1) Answers to this paper must be written either in English or in Marathi.
  2) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects.
  3) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to criticise subject matter related to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
  4) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.



Section - A( Marks : 40 )
India in World Affairs
1) Foreign Policy of India :
  .01) Basic Principles, Objectives, andDeterminants of foreign policy.
  .02) India and Neighbours: Conflict andCo-operation.
  .03) India and Indian Ocean.
  .04) Foreign Economic Policy of India: Aid, Trade and economic cooperation.
2) Nuclear Policy of India :
  .01) Salient features.
  .02) Determinants ofNuclear Tests:
Pokhran I (1974) and Pokhran II (1998)
  .03) Recent Trends in Nuclear Policy such asNPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT (Comprehensive Test BanTreaty.)
3) India's External and Internal SecurityConcerns :
  .01) Terrorism, Insurgency, Regional andSub-regional conflicts; Socio-economic imbalances; Naxalite Movements,Separatist Movements, Communal Violences and Caste Conflicts.
  .02) Law Enforcement Mechanism and Judiciary.
a) Existing Laws and Regulations with reference to Maharashtra.
  1. Intelligence and Security Agencies
  c) Treaties of Extradition and Interpol.
4) International Affairs and Institutions :
  .01) Emerging important issues and events ininternational relations (1990 onwards) Political, Strategic and Economic : considerations.
  .02) Regional andInternational Institutions:
a) SAARC, ASEAN, NAM, Commonwealth of Nations and European Union.b) United Nations System: Its Charter andOrgans, (General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council andInternational Court of Justice) c) UN Agencies: UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNDP, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNPeace Keeping Forces, UNCHR, ILO and WHO.
Section - B( Marks : 40 )
Indian Economy, Planning, Trade, Rural Development
5) Planning : Process - Types - Review of India'sFirst to Tenth Five year Plans. Evaluation. Social and Economic Indicators of Development.  State and Local Level Planning.  Decentralisation  - 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
Indian Economy - trends in SectoralDevelopment and profile of service Sector. Challenges in Indian Economy -Poverty, Unemployment and Regional Imbalances.
6) Urban and Rural Infrastructure Development: Need and Significance. Growth and Development of Social and economic infrastructure such asEnergy, Water supply and sanitation, Housing, Transport (Road, Portsetc.)  Communications (Post andTelegraphs, Telecommunication), Network of Radio, TV, Internet.  Crises, problems related to Infrastructurein India.  Policy alternatives -Public-Private Sector Partnership.  FDIand Infrastructure Development - Privatisation of infrastructuredevelopment.  Centre and StateGovernment Policies for Infrastructure Development.  Transport and Housing (Urban and Rural).Problems - Centre and State Government initiatives and programmes.
7) Industry : Need - importance and role of industries in economic and socialdevelopment, Growth Pattern, Structure of Large-scale Industries in India with special reference to Maharashtra. Small-scale,Cottage and Village industries Problems Prospects of Small scale, cotage andvillage industry. Impact of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisationon SSIs.  State Government Policy,measures and programmes for development, promotion and monitoring of SSIs(with special reference to Maharashtra) Export Potential of Small scale and cottage industries.
8) Co-operation: Concept, Meaning, Objectives, Old andnew principles of co-operation.  Growthand diversification of co-operative movement in India. Co-operative institution in Maharashtra - types, role,importance and diversification. State policy and Co-operative sector -Legislation, Supervision, Audit and Aid. Problems of Co-operatives in Maharashtra.  Prospects ofCooperatives in the era of global competition.
9) Economic reforms: Background,Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation - (concept, meaning, scopeand limitations). Economic Reforms at Centre and State Level.  WTO Regime - Provisions and itsimplications and impact on Indian Economy, issues and problems.
10) International Trade and International Captial Movements: Emerging Trends in era of globalisation.  Growth, Composition and Direction of India's Foreign Trade. Foreign trade policy of India - Export Promotion.  WTOand International Trade. Foreign Capital Inflows - Composition and Growth -FDI. e-Commerce.  Role ofMultinationals - International Financing Agencies - (IMF, World Bank andIDA).  International Credit Ratings.
11) Public Finance: Sources of revenue -tax, non-tax and public debt of Centre and States in India.  Public Expenditure(Centre and States) - Growth and causes. Public Expenditure Reform -Performance Based Budgeting and Zero - Based Budgeting.  review of Tax Reforms at national and State level. VAT.
Public debt - Growth, Composition andBurden.  Problem of States'Indebtedness to Centre.
Fiscal Deficits - Concepts, Control ofDeficits - Centre, State and RBI Initiatives.
Fiscal Reforms in India - Review at Centre and State Level.
Section - C( Marks : 40 )
Natural Resource Development
12)
  1. Agriculture: Importance of Agriculture in NationalEconomy - Causes of low productivity - Government policies, schemes andprogrammes for agriculture production and developments such as land reformsand land utilisation, soil and water conservation, rainfed farming,Irrigation and its methods, Agriculture inputs (improved seeds, Fertilizersand Manures, Pest Management, Mechanization of Agriculture). Problem of ruralindebtedness, Agriculture credit- need, importance and Financial Institutionsinvolved therein. Agriculture pricing- components, factors affecting pricesof various Agriculture produces - Govt. support prices of various agricultureproduces, Subsidies. Agriculture Marketing - present status, Value addedproducts.  Role of Govt and itsinstitutes in agriculture marketing.
 13) Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development: Its role, importanceand significance in National Economy, Livestock in India particularly inMaharashtra, Govt policies, schemes and programmes for livestock developmentincluding livestock breeds, feeds and fodder, Healthcare - Role of milk, meatand poultry products in human nutrition, White Revolution, Co-operative dairyenterprises in Maharashtra.
14) Development of fisheries:  Its role and significance in national economy, scope anddevelopment of fisheries in India and particularly in Maharashtra, Causes of low productivity and Govt efforts to overcome it,export of marine products.
15) Horticulture: Importance and scope of fruit andplantation crops with reference to Maharashtra, Role of fruits and vegetablesin human nutrition, Major fruit Plants, vegetable crops and flower plants ofMaharashtra, Horticultural crops suitable for dryland and rainfed condition.Problems and its solutions of low productivity. Processing, packaging,transportation, marketing of Horticultural Products. Government schemes andprograms for Horticulture development and marketing, Government Agencies andInstitutes engaged in Horticulture development.
16) Forestry: Its role in enhancing the quality ofenvironment, Causes and effects of deforestation, Problems and issues relatedto forestry - Government policies and afforestration programmes (Socialforestry, Agroforestry), Utilisation of forest products, Role of Government,Voluntary Organisation and local community in forest development.
17) Food and Nutrition: Food - trends inFood production and consumption in India, First and ensuing second GreenRevolutions, Self-sufficiency in food, Problem of food security, Problems andissues of storage, procurement, distribution, import and export of food.Calorific value of foods and its measurement, Energy and nutrient needs ofhuman body for better health and balanced diet - common nutritional problemsin India and its causes and effects, Govt. Policies, schemes, programs suchas PDS, Food for work, Mid-day Meal Scheme and other nutritional programs.
Section - D( Marks : 40 )
Scientific and Technological Developments
18) Energy: Conventional and non-conventionalenergy sources - Potential of Solar, Wind, Biogas, Biomass, Geothermal andother renewable energy sources. Introduction to solar gadgets viz solarcooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle, and process.
Problems of Energy Crises, Govt.Policies and programs for power generation. Nuclear Power Program, ThermalPower Program, Hydroelectric Power program, Power distribution and NationalGrid. Agencies and Institutions engaged in Energy security, Research anddevelopment.
19) Computer: Role of computer in modernsociety,  its applications in variousspheres of life such as data communication, networking and web technologies,Cyber crime and its prevention.
20) Information Technology: as a new industry -use of I.T. in various services and faculties of knowledge. Growth andpresent status of I.T. industry in India, Govt. programs such as Media Lab Asia, Vidya Vahini, GyanVahini, Community Information Centre etc. Major issues in IT industry - itsprospects.
21) Space Technology: Indian spaceprogrammes, Artificial satellites - types and applications, Indian Artificialsatellites for telecommunication, television, education, broadcasting,weather forecasting, GPS, disaster warning. Indian missile program etc.
Remote sensing, GIS and its applicationin weather forecasting, Disaster warning, water, soil, mineral resourcesdevelopment, agriculture and fisheries development, urban planning,ecological studies, GS and GIS.
22) Water Resources: Significance ofwater in human & national development, National and State Water Policy,Water Resources - potential, planning and development in India particularlyin Maharashtra,  Intrastate andInterstate River water disputes, Various irrigation projects, Nationalprogramme of flood management, Groundwater development in India particularlyin Maharashtra. National and State Agencies engaged in water resourcedevelopment and research.
23) Ocean Development: Role of the seas inclimatic changes and monsoon in India, Marine living and non-living resourcesdevelopment, causes and effect of sea pollution and coastal degradation,Coastal and Marine Area Management, CRZ Regulation, Coastal CommunityDevelopment.  Govt. programs and activitiesfor ocean resources development, Ocean observing and research.
24) Meteorology: Earth atmosphere - its composition,extent and structure. Atmospheric weather variables (Parameters), Weatherforecasting system, cloud formation and movement - Monsoon model - crop yieldmodel.
25) Environment: Ecosystems - Biodiversity and balanceecosystem - Biosphere Reserve (wetlands, mangroves coral reefs). Pollution:Types and sources, its impact on environment and related problems, Govt.efforts to prevent and control of pollution, Govt. legislation andprograms.  Sustainable development infield of agriculture, industry, urban habitant, etc. Govt. and Voluntaryagencies engaged in Environmental protection activities at national andinternational level.
26) Biotechnology: Its potential toimprove human life and national economy through agricultural, industrialdevelopment and employment generation. Biotechnology as an essential andimportant tool of natural resource development. Areas of application - Agriculture,Animal breeding and Veterinary health-care, Pharmaceutics, Human healthcare,Food technology, energy generation, environment protection etc. Role andefforts of government in promoting, regulating and developing biotechnologyin country.  Ethical, Social, Legalissues related to biotechnological development, possible adverse effects ofbiotechnological development.
Section - E ( Marks : 40 )
StatisticalAnalysis, Graphs and Diagrams
27) Classification and Tablulation of Datagiven in descriptive form.
28) Computation and interpretation of Mean,Median, Mode of Data given.
29) Conversion of Tabular data / informationin a) Diagram - Venn, bar, Pie diagram. b) Graph - Line graph, Histogram,Polygon.
30) Interpretation of Data / Informationgiven in Tabular and Diagramatic / Graphical Form.
31) Pointing out deficiencies, limitations,in consistencies in the given Data.
32) To prepare Algorithm and Flow chart forsolving simple problems in organisation.
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