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MPSC Main - General Studies I Syllabus

Updated on: Apr 1, 2013
Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours



Note: 1) Answers to this paper must be written either in English or in Marathi.
  2) The Nature and standard of questions in the paper will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer without any specialised study and its intention is to test candidate’s general awareness of a variety of subjects.
  3) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to criticise subject matter related to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.
  4) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub topics mentioned below.



Section -A  (Marks : 40 )

1) History:
  .01) Brief history of Maharashtra: Socio-cultural development during thefollowing regimes - Satvahanas - Vakatakas - Chalukyas - Rashtrakutas -Shilahars - Yadavas - Muslim regimes and Marathas.
  .02) History of Modern India (1818-1857) particularly Maharashtra: Introduction of modern education - Press, Railway, Post andTelegraph, Industries, Land reforms and Socio-religious reforms - Its impacton society.
  .03) Social and economic awakening: IndianNationalism - 1857 revolt and after, Indian National Congress (1885 - 1947),Role of important personalities, Role of Press and Education in socialawakening in pre- independent India.
  .04) The other contemporary movements during pre-independence: Satyashodhak Samaj - Dr. B.R.Ambedkar's Movement - HinduMahasabha- Muslim League - National Revolutionary Movement - Leftist Movement- Peseant Movement - Tribal uprising.
  .05) Post Independence development: Integration of princely states, formation of Linguistic states,Samyukta Maharashtra movement major political parties and personalitiesinvolved therein, Major developments and personalities during 1960-1990.
  .06) Cultural Heritage of Maharashtra (Ancient to Modern) : PerformingArts (Dance, Drama, Films, Music and Folk Arts), Visual Arts (Architecture,Painting and Sculpture) and Festivals.
  .07) Impact of Literature on socio - psychological development of Maharashtra:  Bhakti, Dalit, Urban and Rural Literature.

Section -B  ( Marks : 40 )

2) Geography of India - with special reference to Maharashtra :
  .01) Location and extent - India's strategic location with reference to her neighbours, IndianOcean Rim, Asia and the World.
  .02) Physical Geography:
Evolution of the Subcontinent - Majorphysiographic regions - Problems of floods and river pollution -Physiographic details of Maharashtra.a) Climate: Distribution of Rainfall. Rainfall in Maharashtra - spatial andtemporal variability - Agroclimatic zones of Maharashtra - Problem of Droughtand scarcity, DPAP (Draught Prone Area Programme) -Water requirement inAgricultural, Industrial and Domestic Sectors. Problem of Drinking Water.
b) Soils - problems of soil erosion and degradation in Maharashtra. c) Natural Vegetation and wild life - Forest types in India and Indian wild life - National Parks - Sanctuaries in Maharashtra - Tiger Project.
  .03) Economic Geography:
Minerals and Energy Resources : Theredistribution, importance and development in Maharashtra.  Tourism in Maharashtra - Religious,Medicinal, Eco-Tourism and Cultural Heritage.
  .04) Human and Social Geography:
Distribution of population. Migration ofpopulation - effects of migration on source and destination areas.  Rural settlements in Maharashtra. Problems of Urbanand Rural Settlements - Environmental, Housing, Slum, Water Supply andSanitation, Urban Traffic and Pollution.

Section -C  ( Marks : 40)

3) Indian Polity (With special Reference to Maharashtra) :
  .01) The Constitution of India: Making of theConstitution - Philosophy of the Preamble - Salient Features of theConstitution (Secular democratic and socialist) - Fundamental Rights andDuties - Directive Principles of State Policy such as Free and Compulsoryprimary education, Uniform Civil Code - Centre - State relations andFormation of New States - Independent Judiciary - Amendment Procedure : MajorAmendments to the Constitution : Landmark Judgments used for interpreting theConstitution.
Structure and Functions of majorCommissions and Boards: Election Commission, Union and State Public ServiceCommissions, National Women's Commission, Human Rights Commission, NationalMinorities S.C./S.T. Commission - River Water Dispute Settlements Board etc.
  .02) The Political System (Structure, Powers and Functions ofGovernments) :
    a) The CentralGovernment - The Union Executive: President- Vice-President- Prime Minister and Council of Ministers - Attorney General of India - Comptroller and Auditor General of India
b) The Union Legislature- Parliament, Speaker and Dy. Speaker -Parliamentary Committees - Parliament's Control over Executive.
c)Judiciary: Organisation of Judiciary - Integrated Judiciary- Functions - Role and Power of the Supreme Court and High Court -Subordinate Courts - Lok Pal, Lok Aayukt and Lok Nyayalaya - Judiciary as awatch-dog protecting the Constitutional Order- Judicial Activism.
d) The State Government: The State Executive - Governor - Chief Minister and the Councilof Minister - Role, Functions and Powers - The State Legislature -Legislative Assembly - Legislative Council - Compositions - Powers, Functionsand Role - Legislative Committees.
e) The Local Governments: (1)  Urban - Municipal Corporations, Municipal councils, Municipalities,Nagarpanchayat and Cantonment Boards. Structure, Officials, Resources,Powers- Functions and Controls. (2)  Rural - Panchayat Raj System - Zilla Parishad, Taluka Panchayat andVillage Panchayat - Structure - Officials - Resources - Powers- Functions andControls (3) Significance of 73rd and 74thAmendment to the Constitution. (4) Empowerment of local government and their role indevelopment.
  .03) Parties and Pressure Groups: Nature of Party system - Role of NationalParties - Ideology, organisation and electoral performance - Regional Parties- Ideology, Organisation and electoral performance - Major Pressure Groupsand Interest Groups in Maharashtra - their Role and impact on Policy making.
  .04) The Media: Print and Electronic Media - its impacton policy making, shaping of the public opinion and educating the people.
  .05) The Electoral Process: Main features of Electoral process - singlemember territorial Constituencies. Reserved constituencies for weakersections - Adult Franchise - Role of Election Commission - General Elections- Major trends - Patterns of Voting behaviour - and Factors influencing thevoting behaviour - Problems and difficulties in conducting Free and FairElections - Electoral Reforms.
  .06) Challenges and Responses to Indian Democracy: Social and Economic inequalities - Regional imbalances -illiteracy and unemployment.

Section - D( Marks : 40 )

4) Human Resource Development (HRD) :
  .01) Human Resource Development in India - Presentstatus of population in India - quantitative aspect (size and growth - Sex, Age, Urban andRural) and qualitative aspects (Education and Healthcare).  Population policy and projection upto2050.  Importance and need of HumanResource planning in modern society. Components and factors involved inplanning of Human Resources.  Nature,types and problems of unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in India, Demand estimate of skilled manpower in different Sectors andAreas.  Governmental and VoluntaryInstitution engaged in development of manpower e.g. NCERT, NIEPA, UGC, Open Universities, AICTE, ITIs, NCVT, IMC etc. Problems and issues related to HRD.Govt. employment policy, various schemes to reduce unemployment andunderemployment.
  .02) Education: Education as a tool of HR developmentand social change. Education (Pre-primary to Higher Education) system in India. Problems and issues (Universalisation of education,vocationalisation of education. Quality improvement, Dropout etc.) Education for - Girls, Socially andEconomically underprivileged classes, Handicapped, Minorities, Talent Searchetc.  Govt. policies, Schemes andprogramms for Education, Govt. and Voluntary Agencies involved in promoting,regulating and monitoring Formal, Non- formal and Adult education.e-Learning.  Impact of globalisationand privatisation on Indian education.
  .03) Vocational Education: As a tool of HRdevelopment.  Vocational/TechnicalEducation- Present status, systems and training in India particularly in Maharashtra. Govt. policies, schemes and programs - Problems, issues andefforts to overcome them. Institutes involved in promoting, regulating,accrediting vocational and Technical Education.
  .04) Health: As an essential and major component ofHRD, Vital Statistics, World Health Organisation (WHO) - objectives,structure, functions and its programmes. Govt. Health policies, schemes andprogrammes, Healthcare system in India.  Problems and issuesrelated to Healthcare and efforts to overcome them.
  .05) Rural Development: Empowerment ofpanchayat Raj system.  VillagePanchayat and its role in Rural development, Land reforms and development,Role of cooperative institutes in Rural Development, Financial Institutesinvolved in Rural Development, Rural Employment Schemes, Rural Water Supplyand Sanitation programs. Infrastructure development e.g. Energy,Transportation, Housing and communication in rural area.

Section - E( Marks : 40 )

5) Human Rights :
Concept-Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR 1948)- International humanrights standards, Its reflections in Indian constitution, mechanism toenforce and protect Human Rights in India, Human Rights Movement in India,Problems related to human rights deprivations such as poverty, illiteracy, unemployment,social-cultural-religious practices, violence, corruption, terrorism,exploitation of labour, custodial crimes etc.). Need, for training andpractising of human rights and human dignity in a democratic set up.
6) Socio-Economic development of following segments of the society :
  .01) Child Development: problems and issues(Infant mortality, Malnutrition, Child labour, Children education etc.) -Government Policies, welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations Community resources. People participationin their Welfare.
  .02) Women Development - problems and issues(Gender inequality, Violence against women, Girl child Infanticide/Foeticide,Empowerment of Women etc.)- Government Policy, schemes and programs fordevelopment / welfare and empowerment - Role of international agencies,Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’s participation intheir development.
  .03) Youth Development: problems and issues(Unemployment, unrest, drug addiction etc.) - Government Policy - developmentschemes and programs - Role of international agencies, VoluntaryOrganisations and Community resources. People’s participation in theirdevelopment.
  .04) Tribal Development: problems and issues(Malnutrition, isolation, integration and development etc.) - Tribal movement- Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs- Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community resources. People’sparticipation in their Welfare.
  .05) Development for Socially deprived classes ( SC, OBC etc. ) - problems and issues (inequality in opportunity etc.) -Government Policy, welfare schemes and development programs - Role ofinternational agencies, Voluntary Organisations and Resource mobilsation andCommunity participation.
  .06) Welfare for aged People- problems and issues- Government Policy - welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations and Community participation for theirdevelopment. Utilisation of their services in developmental activities.
  .07) Labour Welfare - problems and issues(working conditions, wages, health and problems related to organised andunorganised sectors)  - GovernmentPolicy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of international agencies,community and Voluntary Organisations.
  .08) Welfare of disabled persons - problems andissues (inequality in educational and employment opportunity etc.) -Government Policy, welfare schemes and programs - Role of internationalagencies, Voluntary Organisations in employment and rehabilitation.
  .09) People’s Rehabilitations - (People affected by Development projects and Natural Calamities.) -Strategy and programs - Legal Provisions - Consideration of different aspectslike economic, cultural, social, psychological etc.
7) Globalisationand its impact on different sections of Indian Society.
8) Consumer Protection: Salient features ofthe existing act- Rights of consumers- Consumer disputes and redressalmachinery, Different kinds of Forums-  Objectives, Powers, functions, procedures, Consumer Welfare Fund.
9) Values and Ethics : Fostering of social norms, values, ethics through formal andinformal agencies such as family, religion, education, media etc.
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