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MPSC Main - Geography

Updated on: Mar 20, 2013

Paper I

Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours


Note : 1) Answers to this paper must be written in English only
  2) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to interpret, to criticise and to appraise subject matter related to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.
  3) For judging candidates' conceptual understanding, appropriate number of numerical problems will be asked.
  4) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.


Section - A(Marks : 50)
1) Geomorphology :

.01) Interior of the earth- composition andphysical conditions.

.02) Rocks and minerals- formations, types.

.03) Factors controlling landform development.

.04) Endogenetic and exogenetic forces.

.05) Origin and evolution of the earthÂ’scrust- geosynclines, continental drift, isostasy, sea-floor spreading.

.06) Vulcanicity, earthquake and platetectonics.

.07) Drainage network pattern and types.

.08) Concept of geomorphic cycles- landformsassociated with fluvial, arid, glacial, coastal and Karst cycle.

.09) Applied geomorphology and recent trendsin geomorphology.
2) Climatology :

.01) Atmosphere- composition and structure.

.02) Solar radiation- insolation and heatbalance.

.03) Weather elements- temperature, pressure,planetary and local winds, monsoon, Jet stream, air masses and fronts andcyclones.

.04) Classification of climate- Koppen andThornthwaite.

.05) Climatic changes.

.06) Weather forecasting- modern techniques.
Section - B ( Marks : 50 )
3) Oceanography :

.01) Bottom topography- Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans.

.02) Ocean deposits and coral reefs.

.03) Temperature and salinity.

.04) Ocean currents and tides.

.05) Marine resources.

.06) Sea level changes.
4) Biogeography :

.01) Soils- genesis, classification, distribution, erosion andconservation.

.02) Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals.

.03) Problems of deforestation and forest conservation measures.
5) Environmental Geography :

.01) Ecology and Ecosystem- energy flow,material cycle, food chain, webs, and biotic and abiotic components.

.02) Biosphere- different biomes- Tundra,Taiga, Grassland, Tropical rainforest, Marine communities.

.03) Environmental degradation andconservation, global ecological imbalances- pollution and green house effect,global warming, reduction in bio-diversity and depletion of forests.

.04) Environmental laws and environmentalimpact assessment.
Section -C( Marks : 50 )
6) Geographical Thought :

.01) A brief study of geography in ancient and medical period.

.02) Development in 20th century.

.03) Man and environment, determinism andpossibilism, areal differentiation, spatial organisation. quantativerevolution. positivism, humanism, radicalism and behaviouralism in Geography.
7) Population Geography :

.01) Patterns of world distribution, growth and density of populationand population policies.

.02) Causes and consequences of migration.

.03) Demographic transition.



8) Settlement Geography :

.01) Rural and Urban settlements- site,situation, types, size, spacing and morphology.

.02) Classification of towns.

.03) Urbanisation- process and problems.

.04) Rural – Urban Fringe, and sphere of urbaninfluence.

.05) Central place theory and rank size rule.
9) Social and cultural Geography :

.01) Social structure and social process.

.02) Ethnicity, tribe, caste and religion,dialect and language.

.03) Social well being.

.04) Environment- culture interaction.

.05) Cultural regions.

 
10) Political Geography:

.01) Concept of state, nation and nationstate.

.02) Frontiers and boundaries.

.03) Global strategic views- Heartland andRimland theories.
Section - D (Marks: 50)
11) Economic Geography:

.01) Evolution of world economy and measuresof economic development.

.02) Economic activities- production,consumption and exchange.

.03) World distribution of resources.

.04) Agriculture- Typology and distribution.

.05) Industries- Locational pattern andproblems, types- textile, iron and steel, sugar and automobile.

.06) Transport- Modes and cost.

.07) World Trade- Factors influencing trade,problems and prospects, globalisation, GATT and WTO.



12) Regional Planning :

.01) Concept of region- types of region andmethods of regionalisation.

.02) Growth centres and growth poles.

.03) Regional imbalances.

.04) Environmental issues in regional planningand planning for sustainable development
13) Techniques of spatial analysis :

.01) Cartographic techniques.

.02) Statistical methods.

.03) Computer application.

.04) Remote sensing.

.05) GIS and GPS


Paper II

Standard : Degree Total Marks : 200
Nature of Paper : Conventional Type Duration : 3 Hours


Note : 1) Answers to this paper must be written in English only
  2) This paper will test the candidate's ability to comprehend, to analyse, to interpret, to criticise and to appraise subject matter related to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.
  3) For judging candidates' conceptual understanding, appropriate number of numerical problems will be asked.
  4) It is expected from candidates to study the latest and recent developments and happenings pertaining to the topics/sub- topics mentioned below.


Section - A(Marks : 50)
1) Location : Space relationship of India with neighbouring countries.
2) Geology : History, major rock types and structure,earthquakes, and landslides.
3) Physiography : physiographic regions and drainage.
4) Climate : Mechanism of Indian monsoon, monsoonforecast, distribution of rainfall, cyclones, droughts and floods, andclimatic regions.
Section - B(Marks : 50)
5) Soil : Classification, distribution, problemsand conservation.
6) Natural vegetation : classification, distribution, forest produce, utilisation andconservation, national forest policy and Agro and social forestry.
7) Surface and groundwater : distribution, utilization and conservation,national water grid.
8) Energy and mineral resources : distribution,utilization, conservation energy crises and conservation.
Section - C(Marks : 50)
9) Agriculture :Infrastructure-seeds, fertilizers, power,irrigation, institutional factors, land holdings, land tenure and landreforms, land capability agricultural productivity, land capability, greenrevolution and, socio-economic and ecological implications, significance ofdry land farming, livestock resources and white revolution, blue revolution,agricultural regionalisation, agro-climatic zones.
10) Industry :
; .01) Industries in pre-independence andpost-independence period; locational factors of cotton, jute, iron and steel,fertiliser, paper, drugs and pharmaceutical, automobile and cottageindustries.
; .02) Industrial complexes and industrialregionalisaiton, new industrial policy, liberalisation, globlisation,privatisation and industrial unrest.
11) Transport,Communication, Trade and Tourism : Road, railway,waterway, airway and pipeline networks, national and foreign trade, exportpromotion zones, developments in communication technology and its impact oneconomy and society, types of tourism, development of tourism.
Section - D(Marks: 50)
12) Cultural Setting : Racial and ethnic diversities, major tribes, tribal areas andtheir problems, cultural regions, growth, distribution and density ofpopulation, demographic attributes, migration and associated problems,population problems and policies.
13) Settlements : Types, patterns and morphology of rural settlements, censusdefinition of urban areas, morphology and classification of Indian cities,problems of urbanisaiton.
14) Regional Developmentand Planning : Regional development policies indifferent five year plans, river basin development, command area development,drought prone area development, hill and tribal area development,metropolitan region and national capital region, planning regions andregional disparities in economic development.;;;
15) Political Aspects : Geographical basis of Indian federalism, state recoganisation,regional and linguistic consciousness and national integration, internationalboundary of India and related issues, India and geo-politics of the Indian Ocean.
16) Contemporary Issues : Environmental hazards- epidemics, issues related toenvironmental pollution, environmental impact assessment, environmentaldegradation and management, population explosion and food security, problemsof agrarian unrest, issues related to poverty; concept of sustainable growthand development and disaster management.
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